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Swietenia Mahogani and Macrophylla

Swietenia mahogani Synonym
Cedrus mahogani, Swietenia fabrilis, Swietenia mahogany, Swietenia mahogoni.

Common name
Mahogany, West Indian Mahogany, Spanish mahogany, Madeira redwood, acajou, caoba, caoba de Santo, cheria mahogany, Cuban mahogany, American mahogany, True mahogany, small leaf mahogany, Dominican mahogany.

Family
Meliaceae (Mahogany family).

Overview
Mahogany is an upright growing tree, up to 150 feet tall in Suriname; it has a broad rounded symmetrical crown. The leaves are pinnately compound, ovate-lanceolate; the small, fragrant flowers are rather inconspicious. The fruit is a large (4-6") greenish-brown woody capsule, splitting into 5 parts releasing the flat, long winged, light-brown seeds.
Mahogany is among the most valued timber species in South America. The dense wood is renowned for its beautifully close grained, hard red-brown wood.
Used for furniture, fixtures, musical instruments, inlay, boats, caskets, airplanes, foundry patterns, veneer.
This tree is not indigenous to Suriname, (it is native to southern Florida, Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, St. Croix, Virgin Islands and Hispaniola) but was imported in the early 19th century as an ornamental tree.

Closely related to the West Indian Mahogany is the Swietenia Macrophylla; common names: Honduras Mahogany, South American Mahogany or Aruputanga Moegno. The difference is in the leaves; those of the Honduras Mahogany are bigger (but not as leathery) than that of the West Indian Mahogany.
Also, the flowers are different and the fruit is bigger and more pear-shaped.
The wood of the West Indian Mahogany is more expensive although both are rare these days since they are now considered commercially extinct throughout much of their ranges.
S. Macrophylla is also a faster growing species.
Other related species are: Honduran or Pacific Coast mahogany (Swietenia humilis) and Venezuelan mahogany (Swietenia candollei).

Medicinal applications
Against anemia, depurative, diarrhea, dysentery, fever, malaria.
Bark extracts may be used as an astringent for wounds.
The leaves contain several limonoids; seven phragmalin limonoids of swietephragmins A-G as well two other different types of 2-hydroxy-3-O-tigloylswietenolide and deacetylsecomahoganin.

Landscape uses
Used as an avenue tree, spaced 25 - 45" apart.

Hardiness
USDA zone: 9A - 11 (they will probably grow no higher than 70' in the sub - tropics).
They will shed leaves if temperatures drop below 36F.

Propagation
Seeds (from private property in South America).

Culture
Full sun / partial shade. Plant in frost-free locations, water periodically.
Tolerant of acidic to alkaline soils.
Occasional pruning of branches is needed to keep a straight trunk.


Swietenia mahogani Swietenia mahogani Swietenia mahogani seedpod Swietenia mahogani seedpod Swietenia mahogani stem Swietenia mahogani stem Swietenia mahogani tree Swietenia mahogani tree Swietenia mahogani young plants Swietenia mahogani open seedpod


Item Description Unit Price Quantity

Swietenia mahogany seeds 100 seeds US$ 53.50
Swietenia mahogany seeds 1000 seeds US$ 501.80


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