PEPEROMIA PELLUCIDA L. - SHINY BUSH
Peperomia exigua, Peperomia translucens, Piper pellicudum L.
Càng cua, Cao hu jiao, Clearweed, Coracaozinho, Erva-de-vidro, Konsaka wiwiri, Lingua de sapo, Man-to-man, Olasiman ihalas, Pak krasang, Pansit pansitan, Pepper elder, Rangu-rangu, Rat-ear, Shiny bush, Suna-kosho, Ulasimang bato.
Piperaceae (Pepper family).
Shiny bush is a common fleshy tropical annual herb in Suriname growing up to 1 feet tall.
The stem initially erect, glabrous; fleshy leaves are heart shaped, shiny light green and it has very small bi-sexual flowers growing in the form of cord-like spikes arising from the leaf axils.
The fruits are also very small; round to oblong, ridged, first green later black. They have one single seed.
Shiny bush has mustard like odor.
The plant can be utilized as a vegetable (cooked or raw) and in salads, but the shiny bush has also medicinal applications.
Suriname's traditional medicine
A solution of the fresh juice of stem and leaves is used against eye inflammation (conjunctivitis).
It is also applied against coughing, fever, common cold, headache, sore throat and diarrhea. Also used against kidney - and prostate problems as well high blood pressure.
Used in the treatment of abscesses, furuncles, gout, rheumatic pains and conjunctivitis.
This plant is reported to have analgesic activity; antibacterial activity against Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus, and antifungal activity.
Shiny bush is being studied for its use in the treatment of arthritis and gout.
USDA zone 9B - 11.
Seeds and cuttings.
Shade and loose moist soil, plant in frostless spots; needs high humidity.