PEPEROMIA PELLUCIDA L. - SHINY BUSH
Peperomia exigua, Peperomia translucens, Piper pellicudum L.
Càng cua, Cao hu jiao, Clearweed, Coracaozinho, Cow-foot, Erva-de-vidro, Herbe à couleuvre, Konsaka wiwiri, Lingua de sapo, Man-to-man, Olasiman ihalas, Pak krasang, Pansit pansitan, Pepper elder, Pépéromie, Rangu-rangu, Rat-ear, Shiny bush, Suna-kosho, Ulasimang bato.
Piperaceae (Pepper family).
Shiny bush is a common fleshy, tropical annual herb in Suriname growing up to 1 feet tall.
The stem is initially erect and glabrous; the fleshy leaves are heart shaped, shiny light green and it has very small bi-sexual flowers growing in the form of cord-like spikes arising from the leaf axils.
The fruits are also very small; round to oblong, ridged; first green later black. They have only one single seed.
Shiny bush has a mustard-like odor.
The plant can be utilized as a vegetable (cooked or raw) and is great in salads, but the shiny bush has also many medicinal applications.
Suriname's traditional medicine
A solution of the fresh juice of the stem and leaves is used against eye inflammation (conjunctivitis).
It is also applied against coughing, fever, common cold, headache, sore throat and diarrhea. Also used against kidney - and prostate problems as well high blood pressure.
Used in Brazil for the natural treatment of abscesses, furuncles, gout, rheumatic pains and conjunctivitis.
This plant is reported to have analgesic, antifungal and antibacterial activity against Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus.
Shiny bush is being studied for its use in the treatment of arthritis and gout.
USDA zone 9B - 11.
Seeds and cuttings.
The plant needs shade and loose moist soil. Plant in frostless spots; needs high humidity.
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