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ARECA CATECHU - BETEL NUT PALM.

Areca catechu
Common name
Areca nut, betel nut palm, betelpalm, bing lang, bunga, pinang.

Family
Arecaceae (Palmae)

Overview
Size: 60 feet (20 meter) tall; trunk diameter is 8 - 12 inch (20 30 cm).
Trunk: solitary, slender and erect.
Origin: Indonesia, but now also growing in Suriname.
Leaf: up to 7' long, broad leaflets, the tips being jagged.
Flower stalk: whitish; sweet scented; from below the crown shaft on a branching spadix.
Fruit: orange-yellow when ripe, to 2.5 inch long (betel nuts). It has a fleshy pericarp and fibrous mesocarp.
Seed: Areca catechu is grown for the important seed crop, the Betel nut.
The nut itself is brown, oval and flattened at one end.
The fruit flesh on the seed has psychoactive properties (stimulating effects) and in South-east Asia is used as such by chewing on the fruit.
It produces euphoria, heightened alertness, sweating, salivation, a hot sensation in the body and an increased capacity to work.
The alkaloid arecoline found in the nut, accounts for these effects.
However there may be undesirable side effects associated with chewing on the fruit such as an increase in heart rate, blood pressure, sweating and body temperature.
Betel chewing also increases plasma concentrations of norepinephrine and epinephrine.
The Betelnut is also used as an offering in Hinduism.

Medicinal applications
In Ayurvedic medicine, the nut is used in the treatment of headaches, fever and rheumatism.
In China, betelnut is used to treat parasitic infection.
Arecoline resembles Pilocarpine and Muscarine in its effect; other alkaloids in betel nut are arecaine, guvacoline and guvacine. Arecanut also contains phenolic compounds (mainly hydroxychavicol and saffrole12), tannin, resin, choline and catechu.
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Hardiness:
USDA zone 9B - 11.
Propagation
Seeds.
Cultivation
Moist soil, needs shade.
The large seeds germinate easy. It is an excellent palm for the (sub) tropics.
It can be successfully cultivated indoors.
Cold sensitive; does not tolerate cold weather; does poorly at low 30s, F., severe cold damage may occur.

Areca catechu Areca catechu Areca catechu Areca catechu Areca catechu Areca fruits Areca seed sprouting plant

Buy 6 bottles save 10%; buy 12 bottles and save 15%!

Item Description Unit Price Quantity

Areca catechu seeds 1 packet (15 seeds) US$ 11.40
Areca catechu seeds 1 packet (100 seeds) US$ 69.00
Areca catechu tincture 1 fl. oz (29.6 cc) U$ 10.35
Areca catechu tincture 6 x 1 fl. oz U$ 55.89
Areca catechu tincture 12 x 1 fl. oz U$ 105.57
Areca catechu tincture 2 fl. oz (59.1 cc) U$ 18.65
Areca catechu tincture 6 x 2 fl. oz U$ 100.71
Areca catechu tincture 12 x 2 fl. oz U$ 190.23


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