|QUASSIA AMARA - AMARGO. |
Surinam wood, amargo, kwassi, bitterwood, quassia wood, pau amarelo, pau quassia, quassia amarga, quassia, palo muneco, kvassia, bois amer, bitterholz, gorzkla, pao tariri.
Simaroubaceae (Quassia family).
Amargo is a small indigenous tree to Suriname, 6 to 18 feet tall. The evergreen compound leaves mostly
consist of 3 to 5 and often 7, uneven feathered, single leaves. The leaf stalk and - axis are winged, and the stem,
stalks and nerves are red.
The racemes exist of beautiful small cherry-red flowers; out of each flower arise 5
oval, red-brown fruits which turn black as they ripen.
The red fruits contain each a single seed.
The bark contains many phytochemicals, which are 50 times bitterer than quinine.
Amargo contains the phytochemical quassin, the bitterest substance found in nature. The bitterness threshold is 1:
60.000! It is utilized for stomach, gallbladder, digestive problems.
Quassiamarin, a phytochemical that has demonstrated antileukemic - and anti-tumorous properties is also found in this
plant. Antibacterial and antifungal properties of this plant are impressive and higher than the drugs Ampicillin
(Principen) and Tioconazole (Vagistat-1).
Quassia has also prophylactic activity against lice.
It is used in cases of anorexia nervosa, is effective in chronic diseases of the liver and has anti - malaria
Quassia is generally regarded as safe (GRAS) by the FDA (in doses of 250 to 1,000 mg/kg).
For more on the phyto - chemicals and pharmacology visit our:
"MAROWINA FACTS® DATA BASE"
Visit also our
APPLICATION & DOSAGE,
DIABETES -, and
Suriname's traditional medicine
Amargo is used for fever, dyspepsia, blennorrhagia, (excessive discharge of mucus) stomachache, liver disorders, malaria and as a tonic.
Also used as an insecticidal and as a laxative and appetite stimulant.
USDA zone 9 -11.
Seeds and cuttings.
Full sun, has some drought tolerance.
Plant in frost free areas.